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roleplaying:versailles:versailleslivres [2013/03/13 00:39]
127.0.0.1 external edit
roleplaying:versailles:versailleslivres [2014/03/20 21:23]
curufea
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 ======Livres====== ======Livres======
-{{parent page=VersaillesLiving}}+| Go Back to ^ [[roleplaying:​rulesversailles]] ^ 
 >>​From http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​French_livre >>​From http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​French_livre
-The first French paper money was issued in 1701 and was denominated in livres tournois. However, the notes did not hold their value relative to silver due to massive overGÇôproduction. The Banque Royale (the last issuer of these early notes) crashed in 1720, rendering the banknotes worthless (see [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​John_Law_%28economist%29 John Law (economist)]] for more on this system). +The first French paper money was issued in 1701 and was denominated in livres tournois. However, the notes did not hold their value relative to silver due to massive overGÇôproduction. The Banque Royale (the last issuer of these early notes) crashed in 1720, rendering the banknotes worthless (see [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​John_Law_%28economist%29|John Law (economist)]] for more on this system). 
-In [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​1726 1726]], under [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Louis_XV_of_France Louis XV]]'s minister [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Cardinal_Fleury Cardinal Fleury]], a system of monetary stability was put in place. ​ Eight ounces (a mark) of gold was worth 740 livres, 9 sols; 8 ounces of silver was worth 51 livres, 2 sols, 3 deniers. ​ This lead to a strict conversion rate between gold and silver (14.487 to 1) and established the values of the coins in circulation in France at: +In [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​1726|1726]], under [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Louis_XV_of_France|Louis XV]]'s minister [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Cardinal_Fleury Cardinal Fleury]], a system of monetary stability was put in place. ​ Eight ounces (a mark) of gold was worth 740 livres, 9 sols; 8 ounces of silver was worth 51 livres, 2 sols, 3 deniers. ​ This lead to a strict conversion rate between gold and silver (14.487 to 1) and established the values of the coins in circulation in France at: 
-  *  [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Louis_%28coin%29 Louis d'or]] (gold coin) = 24 livres, along with a half-Louis coin (the ''​demi-louis d'​or''​) and a two-Louis coin (the ''​double louis d'​or''​) (12 and 48 livres). +  *  [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Louis_%28coin%29|Louis d'or]] (gold coin) = 24 livres, along with a half-Louis coin (the ''​demi-louis d'​or''​) and a two-Louis coin (the ''​double louis d'​or''​) (12 and 48 livres). 
-  *  [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​%C3%89cu_%28coin%29 ​+¬cu]] (silver coin) = 6 livres, along with -+-+ and &#8539+¬cu denominations (60, 30 and 15 sols) +  *  [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​%C3%89cu_%28coin%29|Ecu]] (silver coin) = 6 livres, along with 1/21/4 and 1/8 <​html>​&egrave;</​html>​cu ​denominations (60, 30 and 15 sols) 
-  *  copper coins of 1 and 2 [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Solidus_%28coin%29 sols]] and 6 and 3 [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Denier_%28coin%29 deniers]] (the latter also called a liard) were also issued.+  *  copper coins of 1 and 2 [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Solidus_%28coin%29|sols]] and 6 and 3 [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Denier_%28coin%29|deniers]] (the latter also called a liard) were also issued.
 A coin of value 1 livre was not, however, minted. A coin of value 1 livre was not, however, minted.
-Paper money was reintroduced by the Caisse d'​Escompte in 1776, denominated in livres. These were issued until 1793, alongside ''​[[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Assignats assignats]]''​ from 1789. Assignats were backed (in theory) by government-held land. Like the issues of the Banque Royale, their value plummeted. +Paper money was reintroduced by the Caisse d'​Escompte in 1776, denominated in livres. These were issued until 1793, alongside ''​[[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Assignats|assignats]]''​ from 1789. Assignats were backed (in theory) by government-held land. Like the issues of the Banque Royale, their value plummeted. 
-The last coins and notes of the livre currency system were issued in the Year II of the Republic (1794). In 1795, the [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​French_franc franc]] was introduced, worth 1 livres 3 deniers.<<​+The last coins and notes of the livre currency system were issued in the Year II of the Republic (1794). In 1795, the [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​French_franc|franc]] was introduced, worth 1 livres 3 deniers.<<​
 1 English Pound Sterling = 24 livres 1 English Pound Sterling = 24 livres
 1 livre (or pound) = 20 sols (or shillings) 1 livre (or pound) = 20 sols (or shillings)
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 <​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-louis-dor-1718.jpg"><​img src="​http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-louis-dor-1718.jpg"​ width="​100"></​a></​td><​td>​Gold</​td><​td>​Louis d'​or</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​24 livres</​td><​td>​L1 0s. 12d.</​td></​tr>"​ <​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-louis-dor-1718.jpg"><​img src="​http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-louis-dor-1718.jpg"​ width="​100"></​a></​td><​td>​Gold</​td><​td>​Louis d'​or</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​24 livres</​td><​td>​L1 0s. 12d.</​td></​tr>"​
 <​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-1-ecu-1726.jpg"><​img src=" " width="​100"></​a></​td><​td>​Gold</​td><​td>​demi-louis d'​or</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​12 livres</​td><​td>​10s. 6d.</​td></​tr>"​ <​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-1-ecu-1726.jpg"><​img src=" " width="​100"></​a></​td><​td>​Gold</​td><​td>​demi-louis d'​or</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​12 livres</​td><​td>​10s. 6d.</​td></​tr>"​
-<​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-1-ecu-1726.jpg"><​img src="​http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-1-ecu-1726.jpg"​ width="​100"></​a></​td><​td>​Silver</​td><​td>​+¬cu</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​6 livres</​td><​td>​5s. 2d.</​td></​tr>"​ +<​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-1-ecu-1726.jpg"><​img src="​http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-1-ecu-1726.jpg"​ width="​100"></​a></​td><​td>​Silver</​td><​td>​&​egrave;​cu</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​6 livres</​td><​td>​5s. 2d.</​td></​tr>"​ 
-<​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-1-ecu-1726.jpg"><​img src=" " width="​100"></​a></​td><​td>​Silver</​td><​td>​1/​2 ​+¬cu</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​60 sols</​td><​td>​2s. 7d.</​td></​tr>"​ +<​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-1-ecu-1726.jpg"><​img src=" " width="​100"></​a></​td><​td>​Silver</​td><​td>​1/​2 ​&​egrave;​cu</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​60 sols</​td><​td>​2s. 7d.</​td></​tr>"​ 
-<​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​w5625.jpg"><​img src="​http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​w5625.jpg"​ width="​50"></​a><​a href="​http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​w5625r.jpg"><​img src="​http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​w5625r.jpg"​ width="​50"></​a></​td><​td>​Silver</​td><​td>​1/​4 ​+¬cu</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​30 sols</​td><​td>​1s. 3d.</​td></​tr>"​ +<​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​w5625.jpg"><​img src="​http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​w5625.jpg"​ width="​50"></​a><​a href="​http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​w5625r.jpg"><​img src="​http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​w5625r.jpg"​ width="​50"></​a></​td><​td>​Silver</​td><​td>​1/​4 ​&​egrave;​cu</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​30 sols</​td><​td>​1s. 3d.</​td></​tr>"​ 
-<​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-1-ecu-1726.jpg"><​img src=" " width="​100"></​a></​td><​td>​Silver</​td><​td>​1/​8 ​+¬cu</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​15 sols</​td><​td>​7d.</​td></​tr>"​+<​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-1-ecu-1726.jpg"><​img src=" " width="​100"></​a></​td><​td>​Silver</​td><​td>​1/​8 ​&​egrave;​cu</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​15 sols</​td><​td>​7d.</​td></​tr>"​
 <​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-1-ecu-1726.jpg"><​img src=" " width="​100"></​a></​td><​td>​Copper</​td><​td>​2 sols</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​24 deniers</​td><​td>​1d.</​td></​tr>"​ <​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.pierre-marteau.com/​images/​coins/​france-1-ecu-1726.jpg"><​img src=" " width="​100"></​a></​td><​td>​Copper</​td><​td>​2 sols</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​24 deniers</​td><​td>​1d.</​td></​tr>"​
 <​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​c6842.jpg"><​img src="​http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​c6842.jpg"​ width="​50"></​a><​a href="​http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​c6842r.jpg"><​img src="​http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​c6842r.jpg"​ width="​50"></​a></​td><​td>​Copper</​td><​td>​1 sols</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​12 deniers</​td><​td></​td></​tr>"​ <​tr><​td><​a href=http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​c6842.jpg"><​img src="​http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​c6842.jpg"​ width="​50"></​a><​a href="​http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​c6842r.jpg"><​img src="​http://​www.coinvault.com/​i/​c6842r.jpg"​ width="​50"></​a></​td><​td>​Copper</​td><​td>​1 sols</​td><​td>​=</​td><​td>​12 deniers</​td><​td></​td></​tr>"​
roleplaying/versailles/versailleslivres.txt · Last modified: 2014/03/20 21:24 by curufea